United Kingdom

Map of United Kingdom
Flag of United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain, is a sovereign state located off the northwestern coast of continental Europe. It is an island country,spanning the island of Great Britain, the northeast part of the island of Ireland, and many small islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the UK with a land border, sharing it with the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, the English Channel and the Irish Sea. The largest island, Great Britain, is linked to France by the Channel Tunnel. The United Kingdom consists of England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. A unitary state with three devolved national legislatures, the UK is governed by a parliamentary system with its seat of government in London, the capital. The UK is a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as the head of state. The Crown Dependencies of the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man are Crown Dependencies and not part of the UK, but form a federacy with it. The UK has fourteen overseas territories, all remnants of the British Empire, which at its height encompassed almost a quarter of the world's land surface, the largest empire in history. Queen Elizabeth II remains the head of the Commonwealth of Nations and head of state of each of the Commonwealth realms. The UK was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries, but the economic cost of two world wars and the decline of its empire in the latter half of the 20th century diminished its leading role in global affairs. The UK nevertheless remains a major power with strong economic, cultural, military and political influence in the world. It is a member state of the European Union, holds a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council, and is a member of the G8, NATO, OECD, WTO and the Commonwealth of Nations.

Established
1922-04-12
Joined Commonwealth
Capital City
London
Demonym
How you can refer to people from this country...
British people
Country motto
Size
94526 square miles.
Population
61113205
Population density
Based on figures from 2009 est.
246 per square kilometre. (World ranking: 48)
GDP
At purchasing power parity based on figures from 2008
$2281000000000 (World ranking:8)
Human Development Index
The Human Development Index is a combined measure of life expectancy, literacy, educational attainment, and GDP per capita for countries worldwide. Figures closer to 1 indicate a greater score on the Human Development Index. The figure given below is based on figure from 2005.
0.942 (World ranking:16)
Currency Code
GBP
Country calling code
44
Basic data taken from from Wikipedia InfoBoxes via DBPedia

Content for this country

Below you can find updates from CYEC exchanges and projects that have involved this country.

Blog entry ‘Young Commonwealth: a new decade, a new vision’
8 years 35 weeks ago

On arrival to Westminster Abbey, we were signed in and went through security, had our photo taken and given a lanyard with our visitor pass. We then made our way to a room to get signed in by the CYEC staff and began chatting to the other people we would be spending our day with.

Project Debate to Action
9 years 39 weeks ago

Debate to Action is based around international and national development aimed at young leaders from youth organisations. It is currently running in Africa and the UK and provides opportunities for implementing the Millennium Development Goals within the community. It also offers skills building, interaction and Intercultural Dialogue between Africa and the UK.

Blog entry Joff's first blog post
9 years 41 weeks ago

Hi this is Joff, working on the Drupal theme of this website and just checking out the Blog module.
All the best, Joff