Tuvalu

Map of Tuvalu
Flag of Tuvalu

Tuvalu, formerly known as the Ellice Islands, is a Polynesian island nation located in the Pacific Ocean midway between Hawaii and Australia. Its nearest neighbours are Kiribati, Samoa and Fiji. Comprising four reef islands and five true atolls with a gross land area of just 26 square kilometres (10 sq mi), it is the third-least populated independent country in the world, with only Vatican City and Nauru having fewer inhabitants. It is also the second-smallest member by population of the United Nations. In terms of physical land size, Tuvalu is the fourth smallest country in the world, larger only than the Vatican City—0.44 km²; Monaco—1.95 km² and Nauru—21 km². The Ellice Islands were administered by Britain as part of a protectorate from 1892 to 1916 and as part of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony from 1916 to 1974. In 1974 the Ellice Islanders voted for separate British dependency status as Tuvalu, separating from the Gilbert Islands which became Kiribati upon independence. Tuvalu became fully independent within The Commonwealth in 1978.

Established
1978-10-01
Joined Commonwealth
1978
Capital City
Funafuti
Demonym
How you can refer to people from this country...
Tuvaluan
Country motto
Size
10 square miles.
Population
12,373
Population density
Based on figures from 2009 est.
441 per square kilometre. (World ranking: 22)
GDP
At purchasing power parity based on figures from 2002
$14940000 (World ranking:227)
Human Development Index
The Human Development Index is a combined measure of life expectancy, literacy, educational attainment, and GDP per capita for countries worldwide. Figures closer to 1 indicate a greater score on the Human Development Index. The figure given below is based on figure from 2008.
n/a (World ranking:n/a)
Currency Code
AUD
Country calling code
688
Basic data taken from from Wikipedia InfoBoxes via DBPedia

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