Papua New Guinea

Map of Papua New Guinea
Flag of Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea, officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is a country in Oceania, occupying the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and numerous offshore islands . It is located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, in a region defined since the early 19th century as Melanesia. Its capital, and one of its few major cities, is Port Moresby. It is one of the most diverse countries on Earth, with over 850 indigenous languages and at least as many traditional societies, out of a population of just under 6 million. It is also one of the most rural, with only 18 per cent of its people living in urban centres. The country is also one of the world's least explored, culturally and geographically, and many undiscovered species of plants and animals are thought to exist in the interior of Papua New Guinea. The majority of the population live in traditional societies and practise subsistence-based agriculture. These societies and clans have some explicit acknowledgement within the nation's constitutional framework. The PNG Constitution expresses the wish for traditional villages and communities to remain as viable units of Papua New Guinean society. The country's geography is similarly diverse and, in places, extremely rugged. A spine of mountains runs the length of the island of New Guinea, forming a populous highlands region. Dense rainforests can be found in the lowland and coastal areas. This terrain has made it difficult for the country to develop transportation infrastructure. In some areas, planes are the only mode of transport. After being ruled by three external powers since 1884, Papua New Guinea gained its independence from Australia in 1975.

Established
1975-09-16
Joined Commonwealth
1975
Capital City
Port Moresby
Demonym
How you can refer to people from this country...
Papua New Guinean
Country motto
Unity in diversity
Size
178703 square miles.
Population
6,057,263
Population density
Based on figures from .
13 per square kilometre. (World ranking: 201)
GDP
At purchasing power parity based on figures from 2008
$13,360,000,000 (World ranking:137)
Human Development Index
The Human Development Index is a combined measure of life expectancy, literacy, educational attainment, and GDP per capita for countries worldwide. Figures closer to 1 indicate a greater score on the Human Development Index. The figure given below is based on figure from 2007.
0.530 (World ranking:145)
Currency Code
PGK
Country calling code
675
Basic data taken from from Wikipedia InfoBoxes via DBPedia

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