New Zealand

Map of New Zealand
Flag of New Zealand

New Zealand is an island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses (the North Island and the South Island) and numerous smaller islands, most notably Stewart Island/Rakiura and the Chatham Islands. The indigenous Māori named New Zealand Aotearoa, commonly translated as "The Land of the Long White Cloud". New Zealand is notable for its geographic isolation, situated about 2000 km (1250 miles) southeast of Australia across the Tasman Sea, and its closest neighbours to the north are New Caledonia, Fiji and Tonga. During its long isolation New Zealand developed a distinctive fauna dominated by birds, many of which became extinct after the arrival of humans and the mammals they introduced. The population is mostly of European descent, with the indigenous Māori being the largest minority. Asians and non-Māori Polynesians are also significant minorities, especially in the cities. Elizabeth II, as the Queen of New Zealand, is the Head of State and, in her absence, is represented by a non-partisan Governor-General. The Queen 'reigns but does not rule.' She has no real political influence, and her position is essentially symbolic. Political power is held by the democratically elected Parliament of New Zealand under the leadership of the Prime Minister, who is the head of government.

Established
1986-12-13
Joined Commonwealth
1931
Capital City
Wellington
Demonym
How you can refer to people from this country...
New Zealand people
Country motto
Size
103738 square miles.
Population
4213418
Population density
Based on figures from 2008.
15 per square kilometre. (World ranking: 204)
GDP
At purchasing power parity based on figures from 2008
$118900000000 (World ranking:63)
Human Development Index
The Human Development Index is a combined measure of life expectancy, literacy, educational attainment, and GDP per capita for countries worldwide. Figures closer to 1 indicate a greater score on the Human Development Index. The figure given below is based on figure from 2007.
0.943 (World ranking:19)
Currency Code
NZD
Country calling code
64
Basic data taken from from Wikipedia InfoBoxes via DBPedia

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