Australia

Map of Australia
Flag of Australia

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country in the southern hemisphere comprising the mainland of the world's smallest continent, the major island of Tasmania and numerous other islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Australia is the only single country to occupy an entire continent. Since federation, Australia has maintained a stable liberal democratic political system and remains a Commonwealth realm. The capital city is Canberra, located in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). The population is just over 21.3 million, with approximately 60% of the population concentrated in and around the mainland state capitals of Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide. The term 'Australia is derived from 'Terra Australis', the name given to a southern landmass whose existence geographers deduced before it was discovered.

Established
1931-12-11
Joined Commonwealth
1931
Capital City
Canberra
Demonym
How you can refer to people from this country...
Australian, Aussie (colloquial)
Country motto
Size
4777.4083 square miles.
Population
21,262,641
Population density
Based on figures from 2009.
2.6 per square kilometre. (World ranking: 235)
GDP
At purchasing power parity based on figures from 2008
$824900000000 (World ranking:20)
Human Development Index
The Human Development Index is a combined measure of life expectancy, literacy, educational attainment, and GDP per capita for countries worldwide. Figures closer to 1 indicate a greater score on the Human Development Index. The figure given below is based on figure from 2008.
0.962 (World ranking:4)
Currency Code
AUD
Country calling code
61
Basic data taken from from Wikipedia InfoBoxes via DBPedia

Content for this country

Below you can find updates from CYEC exchanges and projects that have involved this country.

Blog entry Reflections of Day 1, CYF 2011
7 years 6 weeks ago

The first day of the 11th Commonwealth Youth Forum in Perth kicked off with a number of high profile speakers including the Australian PM Julia Gillard and Commonwealth Secretary General Kamalesh Shama. In closing Pan Commonwealth Youth Caucus chair Nolene, of the Solomon Islands, made a strong case putting for putting young people at the heart of much needed reform and renewal within the Commonwealth and for young people to pioneer new structures and frameworks to facilitate participation.